Hirameki No Herwan

I write what I like and I like what I wrote.

The teachings of Islam have been preserved in their original form and Allah's guidance is available without adulteration of any kind. The Quran is the Revealed Book of God which has been in existence for the last fourteen years and the Word of God is thus still available in its original form. Detailed accounts of the life of the Prophet of Islam and his teachings are available in their pristine purity. There has not been an iota of change in this unigue historic record. The sayings and the entire record of the life of the Holy Prophet have been handed down to us with unprecedented precision and authenticity in works of the Hadith and the Sirah. Even a number of non-Muslim critics admit this eloquent fact. 

Professor Renold A. Nicholson and his A Literary History of the Arabs says:
"The Quran is an exceedingly human document, reflecting every phase of Muhammad's personality and standing in close relation to the outward events of his life; so that there we have materials of unique and inconstestable authority for tracing the origin and early development of Islam, such materials as do not exist in the case of Buddhism or Christianity or any other ancient religion".
Allah Almighty Said:
"We have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We will assuredly Guard it (from corruption). (The Noble Quran, 15:9)"

History Of The Manuscript 

Approximately one third of the Qur'an from which these massive folios originate - “the ʿUthmān Qur'an” - is housed in Tashkent in Uzbekistan. Late in the 19th century the manuscript was in St. Petersburg , Russia, where it was studied by the Russian orientalist A. Shebunin.He gave a detailed account of the codex and examined the peculiarities of its orthography. So great was the interest in this codex that in 1905 Pisarev (or Pissareff) was encouraged to publish the facsimile edition,which he did by photographic process after having carefully inked in those places on some of the folios where the writing had been almost obliterated by the hands of the faithful stroking the pages. 

It has been recognized that Pisarev's reinking of the text in the dulled folios resulted in some mistakes but the charges of deliberate changing of the text are not based on sound grounds.It appears that only fifty copies of the facsimiles were made, of which only twenty-five were offered for sale. As mentioned earlier, this codex is incomplete and it is not surprising that a number of folios have appeared under the hammer at Christie's with some folios appearing in Sam Fogg's collection of Islamic art. 

These folios came from North Africa. The extra-ordinary size of these folios from this Qur'an is unparalleled in publications in the Western world. Folios from the Tashkent manuscript were sold at Christie's (London) as lot nos. 225, 225a on 22nd October 1992; and lot nos. 29, 30 on 21st October 1993. In the years 2000 and 2003, a couple more folios appeared in Sam Fogg's Islamic Manuscripts / Islamic Calligraphy catalogues.A folio from this codex was also sold at Sotheby's in 2008.

In 1940, Mendelsohn published notes on the Columbia University facsimile copy of the Tashkent (Samarqand) Qur'an. Couple of years later, Jeffery and Mendelsohn discussed the orthography of this manuscript. 

So, the big question now is whether this is the Qur'an that belonged to the third caliph ʿUthmān? The answer is no. There are good number of other Qur'ans [such as the one at St. Petersburg, two in Istanbul (Topkapi Library and TIEM), and two in Cairo (al-Hussein mosque and Dār al-Kutub)] having at times turned up in different parts of the Islamic world, all purporting to show the traces of the blood of the third caliph ʿUthmān upon certain pages, and thus the genuine ʿUthmānic Qur'an, the imām, which he was reading at the time of his death. Moreover, the writing in the manuscript clearly shows the large, straight, beautiful and rigidly proportional Kufic script which was during and after the time of Umayyad caliph ʿAbd al-Malik (compare the script in this manuscript with the inscriptions on the Dome of the Rock). Furthermore, this manuscript was also briefly discussed by Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn al-Munajjid who did not consider it to be from the time of caliph ʿUthmān.


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I'm am what I am. Good-natured and hard-working. A known procrastinator, often leaves things until tomorrow because it may take me a while to come to a decision. Holds strong opinions and beliefs on just about everything, and has long ago decided what is good and what is bad. An expert at seeing things in black and white. Tends to judge people and their actions, whether silently or aloud. Tends to run away from problems instead of facing and solving them.

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